January 31, 2023
Summer has arrived and with it the concern of many parents about how to prevent their children’s skin from suffering the harmful effects of solar radiation, especially when frequenting beaches and pools in this season. Dr. Luciana Ganoza, a pediatric dermatologist from our clinic, answers 7 common questions about the care of the skin of the little ones at home.
What type of sunscreen should a child use and in what presentation?
From 6 months of age, sunscreen for children with a sun protection factor (SPF) between 30 and 50 of broad spectrum (against UVB and UVA radiation) and resistant to water can be used. Choose a cream sunscreen as it has better coverage and repels water. Apply the product generously 30 minutes before leaving home and reapply every 2 or 3 hours.
What clothes should my child wear when going to the beach or pool?
They should wear light, long-sleeved clothing and pants, keeping in mind that the darker the garment, the better it will protect. One should opt for swimsuits with long sleeves and ultraviolet protection factor (UPF).
Should they use hats or caps?
It is recommended that children wear wide-brimmed hats to protect the back of the neck and ears from the sun. Similarly, legionnaire, safari or chavito-style caps are a good option as they have a fabric that covers the neck and ears.
What type of repellent should be used and how to apply it correctly?
Those that contain Diethyl toluamide (DEET) in concentrations lower than 30% are effective and can be used from 2 months of age. The repellent should always be applied after the sunscreen and reapplied only if necessary every 4 to 8 hours, depending on the DEET concentration of the repellent.
Is it necessary to bathe them several times a day when it’s hot or is once enough?
The child’s bath can be daily, but in case of physical activities that cause excessive sweating, dirt or very high temperatures, the frequency could be increased to 2 times a day.
How to prevent diaper rash?
Keep the diaper area clean using cotton with water, make frequent diaper changes and try to leave the diaper open for a few minutes several times a day. Use disposable diapers and barrier creams such as ointments or pastes with zinc oxide or petroleum jelly at each diaper change. Avoid applying chuno, talc or other substances not indicated by your doctor.
Dr. Luciana Ganoza
Pediatric dermatologist at Clínica Ricardo Palma