May 26, 2021
The rate of childhood cancer in the world is increasing, according to the WHO, at least 300,000 children and adolescents around the world are diagnosed with cancer each year; of which 1,800 new cases of childhood cancer are estimated per year in Peru. The advancement of treatments allows more than 80% of children with this pathology to be cured, therefore early detection is essential. Dr. Esmeralda León, pediatric oncologist at Clinica Ricardo Palma, gives us some insights into this disease.
Bear in mind that many symptoms of cancer in children are nonspecific, since it depends on the organ in which they originate. In addition, childhood cancer is not preventable like other pathologies, so the most effective strategy is to detect it early and receive timely, correct and scientific data-based treatment. Likewise, it is important to listen to the parents, take a detailed medical history and complete physical examination during consultations, especially if they have warning signs or are patients with risk factors associated with neoplasms. About 10% of children with cancer develop the disease because they inherited some genetic mutation.
Early diagnosis consists of three components:
It should be borne in mind that curing childhood cancer has two objectives: ending the disease and avoiding long-term sequelae. Although there are some that may be unavoidable, depending on the affected organ, current treatments are designed to minimize these sequelae as much as possible.
Dr. Esmeralda León
Pediatric oncologist atClínica Ricardo Palma