June 26, 2023
Asthma is one of the main non-communicable diseases affecting children and adults, affecting more than 260 million people in recent years, according to the World Health Organization. The airways that conduct air to the lungs, the bronchial tubes, narrow due to inflammation and compression of the muscles that surround them, causing the characteristic symptoms of this disease. In this opportunity, Dr. Fatima Ortega, pulmonologist of Clinica Ricardo Palma, gives us more information on the subject.
Symptoms of asthma can vary from person to person. These may include:
These symptoms are intermittent and are usually aggravated at night or during exercise.
Causes and risk factors
Multiple causes of asthma have been linked, including hereditary, environmental, and occupational factors.
Asthma is a disease that cannot be cured, it can be controlled. To establish the ideal treatment for an asthmatic patient, an interrogation, clinical evaluation and a spirometry (pulmonary function test) must be performed, which will allow us to see the stage of the disease. The mainstay of treatment for asthmatic patients is inhalers, which will help to reduce inflammation of the bronchi, prevent airway narrowing, control symptoms and prevent crises.
Dr. Fatima Ortega
Pulmonologist of Clinica Ricardo Palma