Varicose veins are dilated veins due to the malfunctioning of their valves. When there is venous insufficiency for a long time, the walls of the veins are weakened and damaged. Dr. Raul Panizo, a cardiovascular surgeon at our clinic, gives us more information on this subject.
Among the risk factors that may predispose to the development of varicose veins, we have:
- Family history
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Prolonged standing
Most common symptoms:
- Tingling sensation
- Leg cramps
- Varicose dilatations
- Swelling in the ankles and feet, among others.
- Sclerotherapy. It helps to improve the aesthetic aspect of the affected area, relieving at the same time the symptoms produced by this condition.
- Surgery (Muller technique). It consists of performing minimally invasive microsurgery that allows the removal of collateral varicose branches and small isolated varicose veins.
- Endoluminal laser. This treatment is used in patients with significant varicose dilatations, using a heat source with fibers to burn the veins.
- Radiofrequency. It is one of the least used techniques, the mechanism of occluding the veins is by sound.
To prevent varicose veins, it is advisable to
- Follow a balanced diet
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Fighting constipation
- Exercising regularly
- Wear special stockings
- Avoid a sedentary lifestyle
Dr. Raul Panizo
Cardiovascular surgeon at Clínica Ricardo Palma