August 29, 2022
“It is important for parents to know how to recognize any sign of respiratory distress in time, especially in children at risk and in this season of wet and cold weather. If necessary, they should go to the emergency service to avoid further complications,” says Dr. Carlos José Mendoza Fox, a pediatric pulmonologist at our clinic.
What is a respiratory infection?
It is the affectation of any part of the airway caused by an infectious agent, usually a virus and/or bacteria.
Why do these types of infections increase in winter?
Respiratory infections increase significantly because low temperature and humidity make it easier for infectious agents to survive longer in the environment. On the other hand, the increase in cold makes people close doors and windows, reducing ventilation and thus facilitating the transmission of microorganisms by air.
What types of respiratory infections occur in children?
The most common respiratory infections in children are: rhinopharyngitis, tonsillitis, otitis, laryngotracheitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.
What are its symptoms?
The most frequent symptoms are fever, cough and runny nose. Depending on the area of the infection, there may also be ear and throat pain, as well as respiratory distress.
How to prevent this type of infection:
When should I take my child to the doctor?
The child should be evaluated if they have persistent fever for more than 72 hours, have difficulty breathing or eating, are carriers of an underlying chronic disease, or if they are under 2 years of age.
If your little one suffers from a respiratory infection and is not diagnosed and treated in a timely manner, he or she may have complications that may require hospitalization.
Dr. Carlos José Mendoza Fox
Pediatric pulmonologist at Clínica Rrcardo Palma