August 23, 2021
Melasma is a pigmentation disorder characterized by excessive accumulation of melanin in the skin. It commonly presents as dark spots of irregular shape that are located mainly in photo-exposed areas, such as the forehead, nose, cheekbones and on the upper lip. Dr. Yaril Moreyra, a dermatologist at Clinica Ricardo Palma, provides us with more information on this topic.
The most important risk factors are:
Types of melasma
There are two types:
It consists mainly of the use of depigmenting creams for several months. In addition, superficial peels can be performed with different types of acids and in some cases laser or pulsed light is used. On the other hand, the strict use of sunscreen during and after treatment is essential for the successful management of melasma.
The only way to prevent this condition is adequate photoprotection from childhood, which consists of avoiding prolonged exposure to the sun, wearing suitable clothing to protect yourself from the sun’s rays and using sunscreen.
Dr. Yaril Moreyra
Dermatologist at Clínica Ricardo Palma