In the world, there are more than 600 million women and 200 million children suffering from anemia, according to the World Health Organization. This condition consists of the decrease of red blood cells in the blood, which are in charge of transporting oxygen to the body tissues; it is also known as low hemoglobin level. Dr. César Gallegos, a hematologist at our clinic, gives us more information on the subject.
- Hair loss and brittle nails (associated with low iron)
There are different causes, among which are:
- Poor feeding
- Chronic bleeding
- Increased iron requirements or malabsorption of iron, such as in pregnancy
Main risk factors:
- Women of childbearing age with prolonged or heavy periods.
- Pregnant women, children, and adolescents with increased iron requirements.
- Adults over 65 years of age, among others
- To prevent anemia, it is advisable to have an annual check-up including a complete blood count.
- In the case of young children, hemoglobin and hematocrit should be checked every 6 months.
- Maintain a diet with foods rich in iron such as red meat, liver, blood, and dark meat fish, among others.
Dr. César Gallegos
Hematologist at Clínica Ricardo Palma