What you should know about cardiovascular disease:
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most important causes of disability and premature death worldwide. Controlling risk factors can reduce cardiovascular events and death.
What organs are affected?
- Heart: Blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart long enough for that part to be damaged or die. The medical term used is myocardial infarction.
- Brain: Blood flow stops to a part of the brain, causing bleeding or ischemia. The medical term used is cerebrovascular accident (CVA).
- Kidney: Blood flow decrease can cause acute or chronic kidney failure.
- Blood vessels: Blood flow decrease in the legs can cause ischemia or in severe cases, even amputation.
What risk factors increase the probability of having a cardiovascular disease?
- Age: Men over 45 and women over 55.
- High cholesterol and/or triglycerides.
- High blood pressure.
- Overweight or obese.
- Excess alcohol.
- Not exercising.
- Not consuming fruits or vegetables daily.
- Relatives with cardiovascular disease.
Recommendations to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease:
- Eat fruits and vegetables daily.
- Do physical activity, at least walking 30 minutes daily.
- Stop smoking.
- Avoid excess alcohol.
- Control your weight.
- Attend regular check-ups for blood pressure, lipids, and glycemia.