May 30, 2023
Immune thrombocytopenia is a bleeding disorder in which the immune system attacks and destroys platelets, the cells that initiate the first phase of clotting. If these decrease, bleeding problems can occur. In this opportunity, Dr. José Caravedo, hematologist of Clinica Ricardo Palma, gives us more information on the subject.
Usually, the decrease in platelets is associated with the destruction of platelets by the presence of antibodies; these antibodies may be secondary to the use of drugs, infectious diseases, inflammatory diseases, such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, or Rheumatoid Arthritis. However, most of the time the triggering factor is not known.
Grades of thrombocytopenia
Thrombocytopenia has various degrees, the normal value being between 150,000 to 400,000 platelets per microliter of blood. These grades are:
Symptoms do not usually occur in patients with mild thrombocytopenia, but do occur in some patients with moderate thrombocytopenia and in all patients with severe thrombocytopenia; these symptoms are:
It is diagnosed with the aforementioned clinical picture and a platelet count of
Remember that if you have the above symptoms and a low platelet count, you should see a specialist and not self-medicate.
Dr. José Caravedo
Hematologist of Clínica Ricardo Palma