Taking care of our eyes in summer is just as important as taking care of any other part of our body, since the presence of ultraviolet rays can severely damage them, causing different diseases, especially in this season. On this occasion, Dr. Verónica Talavera, an ophthalmologist at Clinica Ricardo Palma, will give us more information about the importance of this accessory.
Importance of wearing sunglasses
The use of sunglasses prevents the direct reception of radiation in the eyes, since this is dangerous and can cause burns in them, which will not be evident instantly, but in the future. Therefore, its use is of the utmost importance, not only in summer, but throughout the year. Using sunglasses can prevent the following diseases:
- Constant exposure to the sun’s rays can generate greater wear on the crystalline lens, anticipating the presence of this condition that usually occurs mostly in advanced ages.
- Irreversible chronic disease. The retina, having no protection like the cornea or the crystalline lens, is more prone to suffering from irreversible chronic diseases when ultraviolet rays enter, such as premature aging of the eyes caused by macular degeneration.
- Pterygium. This pathology presents as a fleshy growth that advances from one side of the conjunctiva (transparent layer that covers the cornea). Its incidence increases when people are exposed to sunlight without adequate protection. For this reason, the use of sunglasses is important to avoid its progression or prevent its appearance, especially when there is a family history of this condition.
Types of sunglasses
- For young people. The use of dark, black or brown glasses is recommended for better visual quality.
- For seniors. Lenses should be amber rather than dark.
- For children. Lenses with UV protection are recommended under the suggestion of a specialist. If they do not tolerate their use, they should be replaced by a cap to prevent direct radiation.
- For people with lenses. If lenses are used permanently, it is recommended to wear sunglasses with measure, 100% UV protection and tinted. Similarly, people who wear contact lenses should also wear sunglasses.
Dr. Verónica Talavera
Ophthalmologist at Clínica Ricardo Palma